Kaho’olawe was once a flourishing paradise for seabirds and native flora but the introduction of ranching and the use of the island as military bombing target practice drastically altered the island ecosystem.
After the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941 Kaho’olawe was transformed into a bombing range that prepared troops for World War II, the Korean and Vietnam Wars, and Desert Storm. The island was scattered with bomb fragments and the soil left barren.
Activists worked for decades to have the island returned to the Hawi’ian State government. Occupying the island and writing to government officials trying to make a change and stop the bombing. In 1994 the sacred island was returned to the state and placed under control of Kaho‘olawe Island Reserve Commission (KIRC). Now Island Conservation and our partners are working to restore the island and revive the native species that once thrived there.
In case you missed the first part of the series.
- Sailor’s Hat – A Mark of Destruction on Kaho’olawe - March 16, 2018
- The Danger of Kaho’olawe - March 13, 2018
- The History of Kaho’olawe - March 7, 2018
- The Legacy of Nigel, the Lonely Gannet of Mana Island - February 15, 2018
- Little-known Orange-fronted Parakeet Nearing Extinction - January 17, 2018
- Hope Springs Anew for Whio Ducklings - January 12, 2018
- Predator-free Islands not Enough for Swift Parrot Conservation - January 10, 2018
- Five Eggs Signal Hope for Lord Howe Stick Insect - January 9, 2018
- Goat Islands a Sanctuary for Jamaican Rock Iguanas - January 5, 2018
- Band-rumped Storm-petrel Nests Found on Mauna Loa - January 4, 2018