New Zealand Conservation and the Human Component to Saving Species

A new report suggests despite tremendous efforts and successes, there is still more work to be done in New Zealand and the public can help.

New Zealand’s natural beauty and biodiversity is in many ways unparalleled and loved the world over. A myriad of conservation efforts have been enacted to protect the breathtaking flora and fauna including the bold Predator Free 2050 initiative. However, more help is gravely needed. Despite a huge push for conservation within the country, more than 4000 native plants and animals are still at risk, a recent report suggests.

The New Zealand’s Sixth National Report to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity demonstrated that although some positive strides in conservation have been made in recent years, we still have a lot of work to do. Despite there being more native flora and fauna present on private, protected land, invasive predators still pose an enormous threat. Conservation Minister Eugenie Sage commented:

Land use changes, introduced predators and pests continue to threaten our most precious ecosystems, native plants and wildlife.”

Some of New Zealand’s most well-known and beloved birds are paying the price including the New Zealand Fairy Tern, the Kereru (voted Bird of the Year in 2018), and the Kiwi. They are threatened by the presence of invasive rats, stoats, possums, and feral cats. According to population surveys, there are only 35-40 Fairy Terns left in New Zealand. If this was not alarming enough, the presence of chytrid fungus poses conservation challenges for the native Maud Island Frog which has experienced a decrease in population numbers and is now listed as Vulnerable by the IUCN. 

A Kereru. Credit: Ailsa Haxell

The report notes the importance of “positive actions by people,” in order to make a sustainable change. It also articulates how crucial it is that conservation and resource management become an issue of mainstream public concern. One of the best ways to make this a reality, seems to be through the implementation of “Enviroschools,” or school programs to help educate youth and the public about environmental concerns and challenges. Currently, one-third of schools in New Zealand are already taking part in this initiative. The Department of Conservation’s acting director of community engagement, Annie Wheeler, said of the initiative: 

What we are really seeing now in schools is taking knowledge into action and using that learning and thinking about how you apply it to real life situations.”

Two Keas. Credit: Bernard Spragg

With the help of Enviroschool initiatives and tenacious conservationists, there is hope. Just recently, the Hihi, a bird which went extinct in New Zealand in the 1800s, was successfully reintroduced within Rotokare Scenic Reserve in NZ. Other magnificent bird species, like the Kea, have experienced improved nesting success thanks to tremendous conservation efforts. There is still much work to be done, but continued positive actions by people can and will make a difference in the future is species conservation. 

Source: Stuff
Featured Photo: A Fairy Tern. Credit: Jean and Fred

About Stephanie Dittrich

Stephanie Dittrich is a current senior in Environmental Studies at UC Santa Cruz and a transfer student from De Anza College. She is also currently pursuing a Certificate of Achievement in Geospatial Technologies and a second Associates Degree in Graphic Design from Foothill College. She has worked in multiple marketing and design focused roles at environmental nonprofits as well as the Genomics Institute at UC Santa Cruz. She just finished spending 3 months in Costa Rica conducting field work where she did an independent research project and wrote a scientific paper about flight response time in the Morpho peleides butterfly. In her spare time, Stephanie enjoys working on creative photography and design projects, often centered around wildlife photography, as well as more experimental and contemporary subject matter.

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