Science Driven, Science Based

Island Conservation Publications 2000-2020

Please contact to request an article or for further questions


de Wit L.A., Zilliacus K.M., Quadri P., Will D., Grima N., Spatz, D., Holmes N., Tershy B., Howald G.R., Croll D.A. (2020) Invasive vertebrate eradications on islands as a tool for implementing global Sustainable Development Goals. Environmental Conservation. 47: 139–148. doi: 10.1017/S0376892920000211

Samaniego A., Griffiths R., Gronwald M., Murphy F., Le Rohellec M., Oppel S., Meyer J-Y. & Russell J. C. (2020) A successful Pacific rat Rattus exulans eradication on tropical Reiono Island (Tetiaroa Atoll, French Polynesia) despite low baiting rates. Conservation Evidence, 17, 12-13


Bellis, K. X. T., Peet, R. T., Irvine, R. L., Howald, G., & Alsop, G. J. (2019). Beyond biodiversity: the cultural context of invasive species initiatives in Gwaii Haanas. Island invasives: scaling up to meet the challenge, (62), 494.

Bird, J. P., Varnham, K., Shaw, J. D., & Holmes, N. D. (2019). Practical considerations for monitoring invasive mammal eradication outcomes. Island invasives: scaling up to meet the challenge, (62), 545.

Boser, C. L., Power, P., Little, A., Matos, J., Howald, G. R., Randall, J. M., & Morrison, S. A. (2019). Proactive planning and compliance for a high-priority invasive species rapid response programme. Island invasives: scaling up to meet the challenge, (62), 473.

Broome, K., D. Brown, K. Brown, E. Murphy, C. Birmingham, C. Golding, P. Corson, A. Cox, R. Griffiths, and Auckland Conservation. (2019). House mice on islands: management and lessons from New Zealand Island invasives: scaling up to meet the challenge 62 (2019): 100.

Campbell, K. J., Saah, J. R., Brown, P. R., Godwin, J., Howald, G. R., Piaggio, A., & Kanavy, D. M. (2019). A potential new tool for the toolbox: assessing gene drives for eradicating invasive rodent populations.

Duhr, M., Flint, E. N., Hunter, S. A., Taylor, R. V., Flanders, B., Howald, G., & Norwood, D. (2019). Control of house mice preying on adult albatrosses at Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge. Island invasives: scaling up to meet the challenge, (62), 21. 

Fisher, P.; Campbell, K.J.; Howald, G.R.; Warburton, B. Anticoagulant Rodenticides, Islands, and Animal Welfare Accountancy. Animals 20199, 919.

Griffiths, R., Bell, E., Campbell, J., Cassey, P., Ewen, J. G., Green, C., … & Wade, L. (2019). Costs and benefits for biodiversity following rat and cat eradication on Te Hauturu-o-Toi Little Barrier Island

Griffiths, Richard & Cranwell, Steve & Derand, David & Ghestemme, Thomas & Will, David & Zito, Jason & Hall, Thomas & Pott, Madeleine & Coulston, G. (2019). Multi island, multi invasive species eradication in French Polynesia demonstrates economies of scale.

Griffiths, R., Brown, D., Tershy, B., Pitt, W. C., Cuthbert, R. J., Wegmann, A., … & Howald, G. (2019). Successes and failures of rat eradications on tropical islands: a comparative review of eight recent projects. Island invasives: scaling up to meet the challenge. IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Godwin, J., Serr, M., Barnhill-Dilling, S. K., Blondel, D. V., Brown, P. R., Campbell, K., & Saah, R. (2019). Rodent gene drives for conservation: opportunities and data needs. Proceedings of the Royal Society B286(1914), 20191606.

Hagen, E., Bonham, J., & Campbell, K. (2019). House sparrow eradication attempt on Robinson Crusoe Island, Juan Fernández Archipelago, Chile. Island invasives: scaling up to meet the challenge, (62), 289.

Hanson, C., Hall, T. J., DeNicola, A. J., Silander, S., Keitt, B., & Campbell, K. (2019). Rhesus macaque eradication to restore the ecological integrity of Desecheo National Wildlife Refuge, Puerto Rico. Island invasives: scaling up to meet the challenge, (62), 249.

Hanson, C., K. Rex, P. J. Kappes, & S. R. Siers (2019). Review of the 2013 Wake Atoll post-eradication evaluation and data gap analysis. Unpublished Final Report QA-3207. USDA APHIS Wildlife Services National Wildlife Research Center. Hilo, HI.

Harvey-Samuel, T. O., Campbell, K. J., Edgington, M., & Alphey, L. (2019). Trialling gene drives to control invasive species: what, where and how?. Island invasives: scaling up to meet the challenge, (62), 618.

Herrera-Giraldo, J. L., Figuerola-Hernández, C. E., Holmes, N. D., Swinnerton, K., Bermúdez-Carambot, E. N., González-Maya, J. F., & Gómez-Hoyos, D. A. (2019). Survival analysis of two endemic lizard species before, during and after a rat eradication attempt on Desecheo Island, Puerto Rico. Island invasives: scaling up to meet the challenge, (62), 191.

Holmes, N. D., Keitt, B. S., Spatz, D. R., Will, D. J., Hein, S., Russell, J. C., … & Tershy, B. R. (2019). Tracking invasive species eradications on islands at a global scale. Island invasives: scaling up to meet the challenge, (62), 628.

Holmes ND, Spatz DR, Oppel S, Tershy B, Croll DA, et al. (2019) Globally important islands where eradicating invasive mammals will benefit highly threatened vertebrates. PLOS ONE 14(3): e0212128.

Sjodin, B., Irvine, R., Ford, A., Howald, G. R., & Russello, M. (2019) Rattus population genomics across the Haida Gwaii archipelago provides a framework for guiding invasive species management. Evolutionary Applications.

Keitt, B., Holmes, N., Hagen, E., Howald, G., & Poiani, K. (2019). Going to scale: Reviewing where we’ve been and where we need to go in invasive vertebrate eradications’. Island invasives: scaling up to meet the challenge, (62), 633.

Parent, C. E., Fisher, P., Jolley, W., Alifano, A., & Campbell, K. J. (2019). Assessment of snail exposure to the anticoagulant rodenticide brodifacoum in the Galapagos Islands. Island invasives: scaling up to meet the challenge, (62), 394.

Reaser, J. K., Howald, G. R., & Veatch, S. D. (2019). A plan for the eradication of invasive alien species from Arctic islands. Island invasives: scaling up to meet the challenge, (62), 679.

Rueda, D., Carrion, V., Castaño, P. A., Cunninghame, F., Fisher, P., Hagen, E., & Will, D. (2019). Preventing extinctions: planning and undertaking invasive rodent eradication from Pinzon Island, Galapagos. Island invasives: scaling up to meet the challenge, (62), 51.

Samaniego, A., Griffiths, R., Gronwald, M., Holmes, N. D., Oppel, S., Stevenson, B. C., & Russell, J. C. (2020). Risks posed by rat reproduction and diet to eradications on tropical islands. Biological Invasions, 1-14.

Shiels, A. B., Will, D., Figuerola-Hernández, C., Swinnerton, K. J., Silander, S., Samra, C., & Witmer, G. W. (2019). Trail cameras are a key monitoring tool for determining target and non-target bait-take during rodent removal operations: evidence from Desecheo Island rat eradication. Island invasives: scaling up to meet the challenge, (62), 223.

Stringer, C., Boudjelas, S., Broome, K., Cranwell, S., Hagen, E., Howald, G., … & Varnham, K. (2019). Married bliss and shotgun weddings: effective partnerships for island restoration. Island invasives: scaling up to meet the challenge, (62), 517.

Sudweeks, J., Hollingsworth, B., Blondel, D. V., Campbell, K. J., Dhole, S., Eisemann, J. D., Howald, G., Saah, R.,…..& Piaggio, A. J. (2019). Locally Fixed Alleles: A method to localize gene drive to island populations. bioRxiv, 509364.

Wegmann, A., Howald, G., Kropidlowski, S., Holmes, N., & Shiels, A. B. (2019). No detection of brodifacoum residues in the marine and terrestrial food web three years after rat eradication at Palmyra Atoll, Central Pacific. Island invasives: scaling up to meet the challenge, (62), 600.

Will, D., Howald, G., Holmes, N., Griffiths, R., & Gill, C. (2019). Considerations and consequences when conducting aerial broadcast applications during rodent eradications. Island invasives: scaling up to meet the challenge, 71-78.

Will, David & Swinnerton, Kirsty & Silander, Susan & Keitt, Bradford & Griffiths, Richard & Figuerola-Hernández, Cielo & Herrera-Giraldo, Jose. (2019). Applying lessons learnt from tropical rodent eradications: a second attempt to remove invasive rats from Desecheo National Wildlife Refuge, Puerto Rico.


Island Conservation (2018) Data matters: informing the eradication of invasive species on islands: North America and the Arctic region. Contractor’s Report 2018-1. National Invasive Species Council Secretariat, Washington, DC

Sharifa G. Crandall, Jennifer L. Ohayon, Luz A. de Wit, J.E. Hammond, Kate L. Melanson, Monica M. Moritsch, Rob Davenport, Diana Ruiz, Bradford Keitt, Nick D. Holmes, Heath G. Packard, Jeffrey Bury, Gregory S. Gilbert & Ingrid M. Parker. (2018) Best practices: social research methods to inform biological conservationAustralasian Journal of Environmental Management

Simberloff, Daniel; Keitt, Brad; Will, David; Holmes, Nick; Pickett, Erin; and Genovesi, Piero (2018) “Yes we can! Exciting progress and prospects for controlling invasives on islands and beyond,” Western North American Naturalist: Vol. 78 : No. 4 , Article 50.

Wolf CA, Young HS, Zilliacus KM, Wegmann AS, McKown M, Holmes ND, et al. (2018) Invasive rat eradication strongly impacts plant recruitment on a tropical atoll. PLoS ONE


Bastille-Rousseau, G., Gibbs, J. P., Campbell, K., Yackulic, C. B. & Blake, S. (2017) Ecosystem implications of conserving endemic versus eradicating introduced large herbivores in the Galapagos Archipelago. Biological Conservation 209: 1-10.

Brooke, M. d. L., E. Bonnaud, B. J. Dilley, E. N. Flint, N. D. Holmes, H. P. Jones, P. Provost, G. Rocamora, P. G. Ryan, C. Surman and R. T. Buxton (2017). Seabird population changes following mammal eradications on islands. Animal Conservation. 

de Wit LA, Croll DA, Tershy B, Newton K, Spatz D, Holmes ND, Kilpatrick MA (2017) Socioeconomic and ecological factors influencing zoonotic diseases on islands. American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene.

Figuerola-Hernández CE, Swinnerton K, Holmes ND, Monsegur-Rivera OA, Herrera-Giraldo JL, Wolf C, Hanson C, Silander S and Croll DA (2017) Resurgence of Harrisia portoricensis (Cactaceae) on Desecheo Island after the removal of invasive vertebrates: management implications. Endangered Species Research 34:339-347.

Raine A, Holmes ND, Day, R, Cooper B (2017) Declining population trends for Hawaiian Petrel and Newell’s Shearwater on Kaua’i Island, Hawaiian IslandsCondor. 

Raine AF, Boone M, McKown M, Holmes N (2017). The breeding phenology and distribution of the Band-rumped Storm-petrel Oceanoroma castro on Kaua’i and Lehua IsletMarine Ornithology. 

Rodríguez, A., N. D. Holmes, P. G. Ryan, K.-J. Wilson, L. Faulquier, Y. Murillo, A. F. Raine, J. Penniman, V. Neves, B. Rodríguez, J. J. Negro, A. Chiaradia, P. Dann, T. Anderson, B. Metzger, M. Shirai, L. Deppe, J. Wheeler, P. Hodum, C. Gouveia, V. Carmo, G. P. Carreira, L. Delgado-Alburqueque, C. Guerra-Correa, F.-X. Couzi, M. Travers and M. Le Corre (2017). A global review of seabird mortality caused by land-based artificial lights. Conservation Biology.

Russell, JCR, Meyer J-Y, Holmes ND, Pagad, S (accepted) Invasive Alien Species on Islands: impacts, distribution and interactions. Environmental Conservation. 

Schulwitz, S., Castaño, P. A., Mosquera, D., Chugcho, M., Campbell, K. J. & Johnson, J. A. (2017) Floreana Island Re-colonization Potential of the Galápagos Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus galapagoensis). Conservation Genetics.

Spatz, D. R., Holmes, N. D., Reguero, B. G., Butchart, S. H., Tershy, B. R., & Croll, D. A. (2017) Managing Invasive Mammals to Conserve Globally Threatened Seabirds in a Changing ClimateConservation Letters.

Spatz, D. R., Zilliacus, K. M., Holmes, N. D., Butchart, S. H., Genovesi, P., Ceballos, G., … & Croll, D. A. (2017). Globally threatened vertebrates on islands with invasive speciesScience Advances3(10), e1603080.

Troy J, Holmes ND, Veech J, Raine A, Green M (2017) Habitat suitability modelling for the endangered Hawaiian Petrel on Kauai and analysis of predicted habitat overlap with the Newell’s shearwater. Global Ecology and Conservation.


Didion, J. P., Morgan, A. P., Yadgary, L., Bell, T. A., McMullan, R. C., Ortiz de Solorzano, L., Britton-Davidian, J., Bult, C. J., Campbell, K. J., Castiglia, R., Ching, Y.-H., Chunco, A. J., Crowley, J. J., Chesler, E. J., Förster, D. W., French, J. E., Gabriel, S. I., Gatti, D. M., Garland, T., Giagia-Athanasopoulou, E. B., Giménez, M. D., Grize, S. A., Gündüz, İ., Holmes, A., Hauffe, H. C., Herman, J. S., Holt, J. M., Hua, K., Jolley, W. J., Lindholm, A. K., López-Fuster, M. J., Mitsainas, G., da Luz Mathias, M., McMillan, L., Ramalhinho, M. d. G. M., Rehermann, B., Rosshart, S. P., Searle, J. B., Shiao, M.-S., Solano, E., Svenson, K. L., Thomas-Laemont, P., Threadgill, D. W., Ventura, J., Weinstock, G. M., Pomp, D., Churchill, G. A. & Pardo-Manuel de Villena, F. (2016) R2d2 Drives Selfish Sweeps in the House Mouse. Molecular Biology and Evolution 33(6): 1381-1395.

Holmes, N.D., G.R. Howald, A.S. Wegmann, C.J. Donlan, M. Finkelstein, and B. Keitt. 2016. The potential for biodiversity offsetting to fund invasive species eradications on islands. Conservation Biology. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12641

Jones, H. P., N. D. Holmes, S. H. M. Butchart, B. R. Tershy, P. J. Kappes, I. Corkery, A. Aguirre-Muñoz, D. P. Armstrong, E. Bonnaud, A. A. Burbidge, K. Campbell, F. Courchamp, P. E. Cowan, R. J. Cuthbert, S. Ebbert, P. Genovesi, G. R. Howald, B. S. Keitt, S. W. Kress, C. M. Miskelly, S. Oppel, S. Poncet, M. J. Rauzon, G. Rocamora, J. C. Russell, A. Samaniego-Herrera, P. J. Seddon, D. R. Spatz, D. R. Towns and D. A. Croll (2016). Invasive mammal eradication on islands results in substantial conservation gains. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1521179113

Newton, K.M., Matthew McKown, Coral Wolf, Holly Gellerman, Tim Coonan, Daniel Richards, A. Lauire Harvey, Nick D. Holmes, Gregg Howald, Kate Faulkner, Bernie R. Tershy, and Donald A. Croll. In press. Response of native species ten years after rat eradication on Anacapa Island, California. Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management. DOI:

Rueda, D., Campbell, K. J., Fisher, P., Cunninghame, F. & Ponder, J. B. (2016) Biologically significant residual persistence of brodifacoum in reptiles following invasive rodent eradication, Galapagos Islands, Ecuador. Conservation Evidence 13: 38.


Aslan, C., N. Holmes, B. Tershy, D. Spatz and D. A. Croll (2015). Benefits to Poorly Studied Taxa of Conservation of Bird and Mammal Diversity on Islands. Conservation Biology 29: 133-142.

Campbell, K. J., J. Beek, C. T. Eason, A. S. Glen, J. Godwin, F. Gould, N. D. Holmes, G. R. Howald, F. M. Madden, J. B. Ponder, D. W. Threadgill, A. S. Wegmann, and G. S. Baxter. 2015. The next generation of rodent eradications: Innovative technologies and tools to improve species specificity and increase their feasibility on islands. Biological Conservation 185:47-58.

Croll, D. A., K. M. Newton, M. McKown, N. Holmes, J. C. Williams, H. S. Young, S. Buckelew, C. A. Wolf, G. Howald, M. F. Bock, J. A. Curl and B. R. Tershy (2015). Passive recovery of an island bird community after rodent eradication. Biological Invasions 18(3): 703-715.

Dawson, J., S. Oppel, R. J. Cuthbert, N. Holmes, J. P. Bird, S. H. M. Butchart, D. R. Spatz and B. Tershy (2015). Prioritizing Islands for the Eradication of Invasive Vertebrates in the United Kingdom Overseas Territories. Conservation Biology 29: 143-153.

Hanson CC, Jolley WJ, Smith G, Garcelon DK, Keitt BS, Little AE, Campbell KJ (2015) Feral cat eradication in the presence of endemic San Nicolas Island foxes. Biological Invasions 17(4), 977-986.

Holmes, N. D., R. Griffiths, M. Pott, A. Alifano, D. Will, A. S. Wegmann, and J. C. Russell. 2015. Factors associated with rodent eradication failure. Biological Conservation 185:8-16.

Keitt, B., R. Griffiths, S. Boudjelas, K. Broome, S. Cranwell, J. Millett, W. Pitt, A. Samaniego-Herrera. 2015. Best practice guidelines for rat eradication on tropical islands. Biological Conservation. 185:17–26.

Nogales M, Vidal E, Medina FM, Bonnaud E, Tershy BR, J.Campbell K, Zavaleta ES (2013) Feral cats and biodiversity conservation The urgent prioritization of island management. BioScience 63(10), 804-810.

Pitt, W. C., A. R. Berentsen, A. B. Shiels, S. F. Volker, J. D. Eisemann, A. S. Wegmann, and G. R. Howald. 2015. Non-target species mortality and the measurement of brodifacoum rodenticide residues after a rat (Rattus rattus) eradication on Palmyra Atoll, tropical Pacific. Biological Conservation 185:36-46.

Pott, M., A. S. Wegmann, R. Griffiths, A. Samaniego-Herrera, R. J. Cuthbert, M. d. L. Brooke, W. C. Pitt, A. R. Berentsen, N. D. Holmes, G. R. Howald, K. Ramos-Rendón, and J. C. Russell. 2015. Improving the odds: Assessing bait availability before rodent eradications to aid in selecting bait application rates. Biological Conservation 185:27-35.

Russell, J.C., Holmes, N.D., (2015). Tropical island conservation: rat eradication for species Recovery. Biological Conservation. 185:1-7.

Russell, J.C., Holly P. Jones, Doug P. Armstrong, Franck Courchamp, Peter J. Kappes, Philip J. Seddon, Steffen Oppel, Mark J. Rauzon, Phil E. Cowan, G´erard Rocamora, Piero Genovesi, Elsa Bonnaud, Bradford S. Keitt, Nick D. Holmes, and Bernie R. Tershy. 2015. Importance of lethal control of invasive predators for island conservation. Conservation Biology. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12666

Schweizer, D., H. P. Jones and N. D. Holmes (2015). Literature Review and Meta-Analysis of Vegetation Responses to Goat and European Rabbit Eradications on Islands. Pacific Science 70(1): 55-71.

Will, D. J., K. J. Campbell and N. D. Holmes (2015). Using digital data collection tools to improve overall cost-efficiency and provide timely analysis for decision making during invasive species eradication campaigns. Wildlife Research 41(6): 499-509.

Ainley, D. G., W. A. Walker, G. C. Spencer, and N. D. Holmes (2014). The prey of Newell’s Shearwater Puffinus newelli in Hawaiian waters. Marine Ornithology 42: 69-72.

Alifano, A., Moore, P., Mackin, W., Iverson, J., Griffiths, R., Fabres, B., Jolley, W., and Holmes, N. (2014). The power of partnerships – eradicating invasive mice from Allen Cay, the Bahamas. Proc. 26th Vertebr. Pest Conf. (R. M. Timm and J. M. O’Brien, Eds.) Published at Univ. of Calif., Davis. 2014. Pp. 78-82.

Griffiths, R., D. Brown, B. Tershy, W. Pitt, A. Wegmann, C. Hanson, M. Moran, K. Rex, S. White, E. Flint, B. Keitt, N. Holmes, G. Howald, and N. Torr. (2014). The Wake Island Rodent Eradication – Part Success, Part Failure, but Wholly Instructive. Proc. 26th Vertebr. Pest Conf. (R. M. Timm and J. M. O’Brien, Eds.) Published at Univ. of Calif., Davis. 2014. Pp. 101-111.

Griffiths, R., F. Buchanan, K. Broome, J. Neilsen, D. Brown, and M. Weakley (2014). Successful eradication of invasive vertebrates on Rangitoto and Motutapu Islands, New Zealand. Biological Invasions. DOI 10.1007/s10530-014-0798-7

Hanson, C. C., W. J. Jolley, G. Smith, D. K. Garcelon, B. S. Keitt, A. E. Little, K. J. Campbell (2014). Feral cat eradication in the presence of endemic San Nicolas Island foxes. Biological Invasions. DOI 10.1007/s10530-014-0784-0

Pott, M., R. Griffiths, M.-H. Burle, and A. S. Wegmann. (2014). Protecting the Tuamotu Sandpiper (Prosobonia cancellata) one island at a time. Proc. 26th Vertebr. Pest Conf. (R. M. Timm and J. M. O’Brien, Eds.) Published at Univ. of Calif., Davis. 2014. Pp. 166-171

Spatz, D. R., K. M. Newton, R. Heinz, B. Tershy, N. D. Holmes, S. H. M. Butchart, and D. A. Croll. (2014). The Biogeography of Globally Threatened Seabirds and Island Conservation Opportunities. Conservation Biology. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12279

Troy, J. R., N. D. Holmes, J. A. Veech, A. F. Raine and M. C. Green (2014). Habitat Suitability Modeling for the Newell’s Shearwater on Kauai. Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management 5(2): 315-329.

Campbell, K. J., V. Carrion, and C. Sevilla. (2013). Increasing the scale of successful invasive rodent eradications in the Galapagos Islands. Pages 194-198 In Galapagos Report 2011-2012. GNPS, GCREG, CDF, and GC. Puerto Ayora, Galapagos, Ecuador.

Glen, A., R. Atkinson, K. Campbell, E. Hagen, N. Holmes, B. Keitt, J. Parkes, A. Saunders, J. Sawyer, and H. Torres. (2013). Eradicating multiple invasive species on inhabited islands: the next big step in island restoration? Biological Invasions: 1-15.

Troy, J., N. D. Holmes, J. A. Veech, and M. C. Green. (2013). Using observed seabird fallout records to infer patterns of attraction to artificial light. Endangered Species Research 22: 225-234.

Alifano, A., A. Wegmann, B. Puschner, and G. Howald. 2012. Migration of brodifacoum and diphacinone from bait pellets into topsoil at Palmyra Atoll National Wildlife Refuge. Pages 139-143 in R. M. Timm, editor. 25th Vertebrate Pest Conference, Monterey, California, USA.

Griffiths, R., F. Buchanan, K. Broome, and B. Butland (2012). Rangitoto and Motutapu – a Starting Point for Future Vertebrate Pest Eradications on Inhabited Islands. Proc. 25th Vertebr. Pest Conf., Univ. of Calif., Davis. (R. M. Timm Ed.). Published at Univ. of Calif., Davis. Pp. 22-27.

Jolley W. J. et al. (2012) Reducing the impacts of leg hold trapping on critically endangered foxes by modified traps and conditioned trap aversion on San Nicolas Island, California, USA. Conservation Evidence 9: 43-49.

Ramsey, D. and Will, D. (2012). Framework for undertaking eradication programs on insular populations of vertebrate pests. Unpublished Client Report for Island Conservation, Arthur Rylah Institute for Environmental Research.

Wegmann, A., E. Flint, S. White, M. Fox, G. Howald, P. McClelland, A. Alifano, and R. Griffiths. 2012. Pushing the envelope in paradise: a novel approach to rat eradication at Palmyra Atoll. Pages 48-53 in Proc. 25th Vertebrate Pest Conference. University of California, Davis, Monterey, California, USA.

Wiley, A. E., A. J. Welch, et al. (2012). Foraging segregation and genetic divergence between geographically proximate colonies of a highly mobile seabird. Oecologia 168: 119-130

Barun, A., C. C. Hanson, K. J. Campbell, and D. Simberloff (2011). A review of small Indian mongoose management and eradications on islands. Pages 17-25 In C. R. Veitch, M. N. Clout, and D. R. Towns, editors. Island invasives: Eradication and management. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.

Carrion, V., C. J. Donlan, K. J. Campbell, C. Lavoie, and F. Cruz (2011). Archipelago-wide island restoration in the Galápagos Islands: Reducing costs of invasive mammal eradication programs and reinvasion riskPLoS ONE 6(5): e18835.

Campbell, K. J., G. Harper, C. C. Hanson, D. Algar, B. S. Keitt, and S. Robinson (2011). Review of feral cat eradications on islands. Pages 37-46 In C. R. Veitch, M. N. Clout, and D. R. Towns, editors. Island invasives: Eradication and management. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.

Griffiths, R.; Miller, A.; Climo, G. 2011. Addressing the impact of land crabs on rodent eradications on islands. Pacific Conservation Biology 17(4) 347 – 353.

Howald, G. R., C. J. Donlan, P. McClelland, N. Macdonald, and K. J. Campbell (2011). Advantages and challenges of government, non-profit and for-profit approaches to eradications: leveraging synergies by working together. Pages 432-436 In C. R. Veitch, M. N. Clout, and D. R. Towns, editors. Island invasives: Eradication and management. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.

Keitt, B., K. Campbell, A. Saunders, M. Clout, Y. Wang, R. Heinz, K. Newton, and B. Tershy (2011). The Global Islands Invasive Vertebrate Eradication Database: A tool to improve and facilitate restoration of island ecosystems. Pages 74-77 In C. R. Veitch, M. N. Clout, and D. R. Towns, editors. Island invasives: Eradication and management. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.

Ramsey, D. S. L., J. P. Parkes, D. Will, C. C. Hanson, and K. J. Campbell (2011). Quantifying the success of feral cat eradication, San Nicolas Island, California New Zealand Journal of Ecology 35(2): 163-173

Saunders, A., A. Glen, K. Campbell, R. Atkinson, J. Sawyer, E. Hagen, and H. Torres (2011). Feasibility of managing invasive species in the Juan Fernández Archipelago, Chile. 156 pages. Invasive Species International, Lincoln, New Zealand.

Simberloff, D., P. Genovesi, P. Pyšek, and K. Campbell (2011). Recognizing conservation success. Science 332(22 April): 419.  [In response to Vince, G. (2011) Embracing invasives. Science 331(18 March): 1383-1384].

Troy, J., N. D. Holmes, and C. Green (2011). Modeling artificial light viewed by fledgling seabirds. Ecosphere 2: 1-13

Wegmann, A., S. Buckelew, G. Howald, J. Helm, and K. Swinnerton. 2011. Rodent eradication campaigns on tropical islands: novel challenges and possible solutions. Pages 239-243 in Island Invasives: Eradication and Management. IUCN Gland, Switzerland, Auckland, NZ.

Welch, A. J., H. F. James, R. C. Fleischer, D. G. Ainley, F. Duvall, N. D. Holmes, D. Hu, S. Judge, J. Penniman, and K. Swindle (2011). Population divergence and gene flow in an endangered and highly mobile seabird. Heredity 109: 19-28.

Hanson, C. C., K. J. Campbell, J. E. Bonham, B. S. Keitt, A. E. Little, and G. Smith (2010). The removal of feral cats from San Nicolas Island: Methodology. Pages 72-78 in R. M. Timm, and K. A. Fagerstone, editors. 24th Vertebrate Pest Conference, Sacramento, California.

Hansen, D. M., C. J. Donlan, C. J. Griffiths, K. J. Campbell (2010). Ecological history and latent conservation potential: Large and giant tortoises as a model system for taxon substitutionsEcography 33: 272-284

Hanson, C. C., and K. Campbell (2010). Rabbit eradication on Lehua Rock, Hawaii. Pages 22-25 in E. Murphy, M. Crowell, and W. Henderson, editors. Workshop Proceedings: Improving the efficiency of rabbit eradications on islands. Invasive Animals Cooperative Research Centre, Canberra

Lafferty, K. D., S. A. Hathaway, A. S. Wegmann, F. K. Shipley, A. R. Backlin, J. Helm, and R. N. Fisher. 2010. Stomach nematodes (Mastophorus muris) in rats (Rattus rattus) are associated with Coconut (Cocos nucifera) habitat at Palmyra Atoll. Journal of Parasitology 96:16-20.

Will, D., C. C. Hanson, K. J. Campbell, D. K. Garcelon, and B. S. Keitt (2010). A trap monitoring system to enhance efficiency of feral cat eradication and minimize adverse effects on non-target endemic species on San Nicolas Island. Pages 79-85 in R. M. Timm, and K. A. Fagerstone, editors. 24th Vertebrate Pest Conference, Sacramento, California.


Campbell, K., L. Cayot, G. Banda, F. Cruz, and V. Carrion (2009). Proyecto Isabela: Restauración de Ecosistemas a través de un Megaerradicación. Páginas 206-212 in T. De Roy, editor. Galápagos: Cincuenta Años de Ciencia y Conservación. Parque Nacional Galápagos (versión en Español), Puerto Ayora, Galápagos. (published in English and Spanish)

Cruz, F., V. Carrion G., K. Campbell, C. Lavoie, C. J. Donlan (2009). Bio-economics of large-scale eradication of feral goats from Santiago Island, GalápagosJournal of Wildlife Management 73(2): 191-200

Aguirre-Munoz A., D. A. Croll, C. J. Donlan, R. W. Henry III, M. A. Hermosillo, G. R. Howald, B. S. Keitt, L. Luna-Mendoza, M. Rodreguez-Malago, L. M. Salas-Flores, A. Samaniego-Herrera, J. A. Sanchez-Pacheco, J. Sheppard, B. R. Tershy, J. Toro-Benito, S. Wolf, and B. Wood.  (2008). “High-Impact conservation action: a case study from the islands of western Mexico.”  Ambio 37(2):101-107.

Jones, H., Tershy, B., Zavaleta, E., Croll, D., Keitt, B., Finkelstein, M., and Howald, G. (2008). “Severity of the effects of invasive rats on seabirds: a global review.” Conservation Biology 22:16-26.

Kurle, C., Croll, D.A., and Tershy, B.R.  (2008). “Introduced rats indirectly change marine rocky intertidal communities from algae- to invertebrate-dominated.” Proceedings National Academy of Science 105:3800–3804.

Parkes, J. P., Paulson, J., Donlan, C. J., Campbell, K. (2008). Control of North American Beavers in Tierra del Fuego: Feasibility of Eradication and Alternative Management Options. Control of North American Beavers in Tierra del Fuego Feasibility of Eradication and Alternative Management Options. Landcare Research Contract Report LC0708. Prepared for Comité Binacional para la Estrategia de Erradicación de Castores de Patagonia Austral.

Wegmann, A., J. Braun, and R. Neugarten. 2008. Pacific rat Rattus exulans eradication on Dekehtik Island, Federated States of Micronesia, Pacific Ocean. Conservation Evidence 5:23-27.

Wegmann, A., J. Braun, and R. Neugarten. 2008. Ship rat Rattus rattus eradication on Nahkapw Island, Federated States of Micronesia, Pacific Ocean. Conservation Evidence 5:18-22.

Wegmann, A., J. Braun, and R. Neugarten. 2008. Shipp rat Rattus rattus eradication on Pein Mal Island, Federated States of Micronesia, Pacific Ocean. Conservation Evidence 5:28-32.

Knowlton, J. L., Donlan, C. J., Roemer, G. W., Samaniego-Herrera, A., Keitt, B. S., Wood, B., Aguirre-Munoz, A., Faulkner, K. R., and Tershy, B. R. (2007). “Eradication of non-native mammals on the California Channel Islands, USA and Pacific Baja California Peninsula Islands, Mexico.” The Southwestern Naturalist 52(4):528-540.

Finkelstein, M., B. S. Keitt, et al. (2006). “Albatross species demonstrate regional differences in North Pacific marine contamination.” Ecological Applications 16(2): 678-686.

Jones, H. P., R. W. III, et al. (2006). “Predation of artificial Xantus’s murrelet (Synthliboramphus hypoleucus scrippsi) nests before and after black rat (Rattus rattus) eradication.” Environmental Conservation 32(4): 320-325.

Wolf, S., B. Keitt, et al. (2006). “Transboundary seabird conservation in an important North American marine ecoregion.” Environmental Conservation 33(4): 294-305.

Aguirre Muñoz, A., E. Ezcurra, et al. (2005). La construccion social de la conservacion y el desarrollo sustentable de Isla Guadalupe. Isla Guadalupe: restauracion y conservacion.

Campbell, K. J., G. S. Baxter, et al. (2005). “Increasing the efficacy of Judas goats by sterilisation and pregnancy termination.” Wildlife Research 32(8): 737-743.

Campbell, K. and C. J. Donlan (2005). “Feral Goat Eradications on Islands.” Conservation Biology 19(5): 1362.

Cruz, F., C. J. Donlan, et al. (2005). “Conservation action in the Galapagos: feral pig (Sus scrofa) eradication from Santiago Island.” Biological Conservation 121: 473-478.

Croll, D. A., J. L. Maron, et al. (2005). “Introduced predators transform subarctic islands from grassland to tundra.” Science 307(5717): 1959-1961.

Garcia-Gutierrez, C., A. Hinojosa-Corona, et al. (2005). Cartografia base para La Conservacion de Isla Guadalupe. Avances, perspectivas y nesesidades. Isla Guadalupe: restauracion y conservacion. K. S. d. Prado, E. Peters and Compiladores: 19-26.

Howald, G. R., K. R. Faulkner, et al. (2005). Eradication of black rats from Anacapa Island: biological and social considerations. Sixth California Islands Symposium, Ventura, CA, Institute for Wildlife Studies.

Keitt, B. S. (2005). “Status of Xantus’s Murrelet and its nesting habitat in Baja California, Mexico.” Marine Ornithology 33: 105-114.

Keitt, B., S. Junak, et al. (2005). “The restoration of Guadalupe Island.” Fremontia 33(4): 20-25.

Keitt, B., B. R. Tershy, et al. (2005). El Impacto de los gatos introducidos (Felis catus) en el ecosistema de Isla Guadalupe. Isla Guadalupe: restauracion y conservacion: 219-230.

Wolf, S., C. Philips, et al. (2005). “Breeding biology of Xantus’s Murrelet at the San Benito Islands, Baja California, Mexico.” Marine Ornithology 33: 123-129.

Campbell, K., C. J. Donlan, et al. (2004). “Eradication of feral goats Capra hircus from Pinta Island, Galápagos, Ecuador.” Oryx 38(3): 328–333.

Donlan, C. J. and P. S. Martin (2004). “Role of Ecological History in Invasive Species Management and Conservation.” Conservation Biology 18(1): 267-269.

Keitt, B. S., B. R. Tershy, et al. (2004). “Nocturnal behavior reduces predation pressure on Black-vented Shearwaters Puffinus opisthomelas.” Marine Ornithology 32(2): 173–178.

Lodge, D. M. and K. Shrader-Frechette  (2004). “Deep-History Perspective on Biological Invasions: Response to Donlan and Martin.” Conservation Biology 18(1): 270-271.

Nogales, M., A. Martin, et al. (2004). “A Review of Feral Cat Eradication on Islands.” Conservation Biology 18(2): 310-319.

Roemer, G. W. and C. J. Donlan (2004). “Biology, Policy and Law in Endangered Species Conservation: I. The Case History of the Island Fox on the Northern Channel Islands.” Endangered Species UPDATE 21(1): 23-31.

Donlan, C. J., D. A. Croll, et al. (2003). “Islands, exotic herbivores, and invasive plants: Their roles in coastal California restoration.” Restoration Ecology 11(4): 524-530.

Donlan, C. J., G. R. Howald, et al. (2003). “Evaluating alternative rodenticides for island conservation: roof rat eradication from the San Jorge Islands, Mexico.” Biological Conservation 114(1): 29-34.

Donlan, C. J., B. R. Tershy, et al. (2003). “Research for requiems: the need for more collaborative action in eradication of invasive species.” Conservation Biology 17(6): 1850-1851.

Finkelstein, M. E., R. H. Gwiazda, et al. (2003). “Lead Poisoning of Seabirds: Environmental Risks from Leaded Paint at a Decommissioned Military Base.” Environmental Science & Technology: 37(15): 3256-3260.

Finkelstein, M., K. A. Grasman, et al. (2003). “Immune function of cryopreserved avian peripheral white blood cells: Potential biomarkers of contaminant effects in wild birds.” Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 44(4): 502-509.

Howald, G. R., K. R. Faulkner, et al. (2003). Anacapa Island Restoration Project: planning, compliance and methodology. 6th California Islands Symposium, Ventura, CA.

Howald, G. R., A. Samaniego, et al. (2003). Options for removing house mice (Mus musculus) from the Farallon Islands, Farallon National Wildlife Refuge, California. Santa Cruz, CA, Island Conservation: 53.

Keitt, B. and B. R. Tershy (2003). “Cat eradication significantly decreases shearwater mortality.” Animal Conservation 6: 307-308.

Keitt, B., B. Tershy, et al. (2003). “Breeding biology and conservation of the Black-vented Shearwater Puffinus opisthomelas.” Ibis 145: 673-680.

Kurle, C. (2003). Description of the rocky intertidal communities and Norway rat behavior on Rat Island, Alaska in 2003. University of California, Santa Cruz, USA.

Whitworth, D. L., B. Keitt, et al. (2003). Preliminary assessment of the status of Xantus’s Murrelets (Synthliboramphus hypoleucus) at San Benito Islands, Baja California, Mexico, in March 2002. Arcata, CA, Humbolt State University: 21.

Donlan, C. J. and P. A. Nelson (2002). “Observations of invertebrate colonized flotsam in the Eastern Tropical Pacific, with a discussion of rafting.” Bulletin of Marine Science.

Donlan, C. J., B. R. Tershy, et al. (2002). “Islands and introduced herbivores: conservation action as ecosystem experimentation.” Journal of Applied Ecology 39(2): 235-246.

Keitt, B. S., C. Wilcox, et al. (2002). “The effect of feral cats on the population viability of Black-vented Shearwaters (Puffinus opisthomelas) on Natividad Island, Mexico.” Animal Conservation 5: 217–223.

Roemer, G. W., C. J. Donlan, et al. (2002). “Golden eagles, feral pigs, and insular carnivores: How exotic species turn native predators into prey.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 99(2): 791-796.

Tershy, B. R., C. J. Donlan, et al. (2002). Island conservation in north-west Mexico: a conservation model integrating research, education, and exotic mammal eradication. Pages 293-300 In C. R. Veitch and M. N. Clout, editors. Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species. IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Wood, B., B. R. Tershy, et al. (2002). Removing cats from islands in north-west Mexico. Pages 374-380 In C. R. Veitch and M. N. Clout, editors. Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species. IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Wolf, S. (2002). The relative status and conservation of island breeding seabirds in California and Northwest Mexico. Marine Sciences Thesis, University of California, Santa Cruz, USA: 79 pp.

Donlan, C., Tershy, B., Keitt, B., Sanchez, J., Wood, B., Weinstein, A., Croll, D., Hermosillo, M., and  Aguilar, J. (2000). “Island conservation action in Northwest México.”  Proceedings 5th Calif. Islands Symposium: 330-338.

Keitt, B., Croll, D.A., and Tershy, B. (2000). “Dive depth and diet of the Black-vented Shearwater (Puffinus opisthomelas).” Auk 117(2):507-510.

Keitt, B.S., Tershy, B.R., and Croll, D.A. (2000). “Black-vented Shearwater.” Birds of North America 521:1-16.

Popular Articles

Stephens, T. (2006) “Albatross study shows regional differences in ocean  contamination.” UCSC Press Release volume, 1-2

Chadwick (2006). “Songs of the gray whale.” National Geographic: 124-149.

Bogo, J. (2006). “Treasure Island.” Audubon: 74-93.

Petit, C. (2005). How Foxes in the Aleutian Henhouse Doomed Island’s Plant Life. New York Times. New York, NY.

Krajick, K. (2005). “Winning the war against Island Invaders.” Science 310: 1410-1413.

A gift to Island Conservation in your estate plan will build a legacy and assure a future in which island species thrive. By including Island Conservation in your will, your estate may receive significant tax savings. A designated sum or a certain percentage of a residuary estate can be donated or consider making Island Conservation a full or partial beneficiary of your IRA, 401(k) or other qualified retirement plan.  If you choose to provide for Island Conservation in your estate plans, please contact the development manager at or 831-359-4787.

More Information

Gifts of long-term appreciated stock are an easy way to provide crucial support to Island Conservation and increase your giving. Benefits may include: income tax and capital gain tax savings. Consult your financial advisor on the potential benefits.

More Information

The Pension Protection Act of 2006 gives those at least 70½ years of age the opportunity to make tax-free charitable gifts, including the minimum required distribution.

More Information

Donating real estate to Island Conservation may give you a tax deduction on the fair market value of the real estate and help you avoid the capital gains tax you may incur if you were to sell the property.

More Information


Your current/former employer may double or triple your generous contribution to Island Conservation.

More Information


Celebrate special events or the memory of a special person in your life by making an honorary gift. Please make sure to include the honoree’s name when you make your donation.

When you shop at AmazonSmile, Amazon will donate to Island Conservation. Support us every time you shop.

Follow Island Conservation on Social Media

[ism-social-followers list='fb,tw,li,youtube,instagram' template='ism_template_sf_1' list_align='horizontal' display_counts='false' display_full_name='true' box_align='center' ]

[ism-social-followers list='fb,tw,li,youtube,instagram' template='ism_template_sf_1' list_align='horizontal' display_counts='false' display_full_name='true' box_align='center' ]

Midway Atoll conservation




Send this to a friend

prescription pill for weight loss best diet on the market with fastest weight loss buy fiber weight loss diet pills online pills for lose weight do caffeine pills help with weight loss keto diet recipes veg indian weight loss menopause diet hcg diet weight loss chart must have supplements for weight loss advocare supplements for weight loss most extreme diet to lose weight fast rapid weight loss diet plan diet doctor recipes keto chicken casserole diet for fast weight loss free everyday diet plan to lose weight the top weight loss pills that work how to stop drinking diet coke and lose weight weight loss shake diets does the morning after pill make you lose weight the best supplement for weight loss can i lose weight on a no starch no sugar diet easy diet to give fast weight loss in women what is the best diet pill to help lose weight why you should never take weight loss drugs angela simmons weight loss diet does drinking diet coke help you lose weight essential fatty acids supplements weight loss fast weight loss diets 10 days weight loss usplement powder vs pills how much weight do you lose on the ketogenic diet weight loss pills for men over 40 gordon ramsay weight loss diet gabi rose weight loss pills model diets to lose weight fast best weight loss pills gluten free plant based keto diet recipes where can you buy keto weight loss pills most recommended womens weight loss pills weight loss pills starts with c 7 day diet plans for weight loss egg diet fpr weight loss snake diet weight loss reviews 500 lb weight loss diet best supplements for runners weight loss weight loss stories plant based diet fat bombs recipes for the keto diet coconut oil low carb diet plan for quick weight loss keto diet pills have caffeine

male inhancement drugs can male libido pills cause erections penis pills side effects collagen penile enlargement do the male enhancement pills work abraham lincoln male enhancement frank thomas male enhancement stay up male enhancement list of natural male enhancement pills penis enlargement deluxe where can i sell male enhancement pills safe penile enlargement surgery what fruit is good for male enhancement virmax male enhancement reviews vidhigra male enhancement male enhancement underwear free home penis enlargement advancement in penis enlargement working out pills rhino enhancement pill ed pills will become go generic over the counter male sex drive pills ed pills oxide 18 ingredients male enhancement cenforce 100 ed supplements for heart disease male enhancement from shark tank erectile dysfunction unani medicine herbal pills for erectile dysfunction erectile dysfunction pills canada erectile dysfunction pills review erectile dysfunction drugs in india number 1 male penis enlargement pills one boost male enhancement gnc best sex pills to last longer in south africa male enhancement effective viagra abk male enhancement male enhancement experts best penis enlargement creme 5 day forecast male enhancement pills what are natural male enhancement male enhancement pill taken before sex cheap blue pills china fake viagra sex pills penis enlargement hormone best energy booster pills pills that get and keep you hard for sex the best male enhancement pills that work entengo male enhancement

green roads cbd review can i use cbd oil along with steroids will cbd show up on drug test cbd sold here sign how to make salve with cbd oil how many mg of cbd in a gram of weed cbd edibles nyc cbd oil florida law cbd oil constipation cbd cooking oil cbd dopamine korent cbd cbd tallahassee has thc been found in cbd oil pizza cbd what cbd company to invest in cbd shatter for sale how does cbd make you feel reddit organabus cbd korent cbd seven cbd oil cannabis oil for weight loss full spectrum organic cbd risks of taking cbd oil for epilepsy cbd tea review cbd oil enema does cbd oil help with cancer charlottes web cbd retailers bluebird botanicals cbd silver cbd oil near chesterton indiana cbd manufacturing companies cbd beneficios trokie cbd cbd oil ohio legal australia post melbourne cbd locations cbd oil profit margin cbd strain weed cbd oil laws in tennessee cbd oil applied topically delta liquids cbd review can cbd oil help hpv cbd oil period cramps brassknuckle indica or cbd oil is hemp oil the same thing as cbd exotic watermelon kush cbd oil 75 mg cbd and hot flashes tacrolimus and cbd oil ssri and cbd