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Chile has over 8,000 islands, including four oceanic island groups, many of which have high rates of endemism and are important breeding sites for seabirds.
However, like many islands around the world, predation by introduced invasive species, such as rabbits and rats, threatens the survival of Chile’s endemic flora and fauna.

In recent years, the Ministry of Environment (MMA) declared that important plant species, such as the aromatic small tree Juan Fernández Incense (Robinsonia macrocephala), the Juan Fernández Chenopodium (Chenopodium nesodendron)—a wild sibling of Quinoa—and a few others, have gone extinct. The main factor contributing to these extinctions is overgrazing and habitat transformation due to introduced herbivores. 
Island Conservation is collaborating with several agencies within the Chilean Government to design and implement the removal of invasive species and create positive changes for native and endemic species, particularly: the Corporación Nacional Forestal (CONAF) [National Forestry Corporation], the Servicio Agrícola y Ganadero (SAG) [Agriculture and Livestock Service], and the Ministerio del Medio Ambiente (MMA) [Ministry of Environment]. One focus of this collaboration has been on the Reserva Nacional Pingüino de Humboldt [Humboldt Penguin National Reserve], where our partnership aims to protect the breeding sites of the endangered Peruvian Diving-petrel and the vulnerable Humboldt Penguin. 

In the Juan Fernández Archipelago National Park—a biodiversity hotspot—this collaboration has been translated into working with our partners to realize the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) project titled: “Strengthening National Frameworks for Invasive Alien Species (IAS) Governance: Piloting in Juan Fernandez Archipelago.”  Designed to protect several types of endemic seabirds, land birds, and plants, this project aims to improve the prevention, detection, control, and removal of invasive species, thereby fulfilling Aichi Target 9 of the Convention on Biological Diversity.

In addition, plans are being developed to initiate work in the Reserva Nacional Isla Mocha [Mocha Island National Reserve], which is home to one of the two only breeding populations of the Pink-footed Shearwater.

Critically Endangered Juan Fernández Firecrown. Invasive species present on the island heavily impact the native forest these hummingbirds depend on.
Robinson Crusoe Island, one of three islands in the Juan Fernández Archipelago, Chile. This iconic island is home to many native and endemic species, including the Critically Endangered Juan Fernández Firecrown.

Featured Species
Take a closer look at this rare and stunning hummingbird found on only one island in the entire world that you are helping protect from extinction!

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