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Juan Fernández Firecrown
Take a closer look at this rare and stunning hummingbird found on only one island in the entire world that you are helping protect from extinction!

A flash of harmless lightning, A mist of rainbow dyes, The burnished sunbeams brightening From flower to flower he flies

-John Banister Tabb

There is only one place in the entire world where you will find the Juan Fernández Firecrown, and that is Robinson Crusoe Island. Located approximately 350 miles off the coast of Chile, Robinson Crusoe Island is one of three islands in the Juan Fernández Archipelago. It is on the 37-square mile island that this small, colorful bird makes its home.

The Juan Fernández Firecrown is considered a large hummingbird, measuring about five inches long. It has especially large feet for its size, allowing it to easily hang from the petals of flowers to feed. The male hummingbird is a brilliant red with green wings and a gold-green crown that changes to red, depending on the lighting. The female, in contrast, is blue-green and white, with dark tones. For many years, the male and female were thought to be entirely different species, until a nest was discovered occupied by one of each gender.

Due to limited habitat and the presence of invasive species, the Juan Fernández Firecrown is listed as Critically Endangered by the IUCN. Conservation efforts to protect the bird began in 2004, after a 2002 census determined less than 200 individuals were left. Today, the firecrown population has increased to an estimated 500 individuals, but further conservation action is necessary to save this rare species from extinction.

Island Conservation is working to protect the rare hummingbird from extinction by removing invasive species from Robinson Crusoe Island in Chile. In the absence of invasive species, the Juan Fernández Firecrown will have safe habitat for breeding, allowing the population the opportunity to increase and thrive. 

 

Mealtime for the Juan Fernández Firecrown

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